Hinduism constitutes 70.54% of West Bengal population. Muslim Population in West Bengal is 2.47 Crore (27.01 percent) of total 9.13 Crore. Patrick Olivelle (2005), Manu's Code of Law, Oxford University Press. According to 2007 reports, Brahmins in India are about five percent of its total population. This table exhibits the comparative caste and community wise percentage of ministers in both the Communist and Left front Government (2006-2011) and Trinamool Congress … For a comprehensive list of word cloud generators see this article . and is also referred to as a contemporary of Jayapida (779 to 812 C.E) of Kashmir (grandson of Lalitaditya) in Kalhana's Rajatarangini. The Bengali Brahmins (Bengali: বাঙালি ব্রাহ্মণ) are those Hindu Brahmins who traditionally reside in the Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent, currently comprising the Indian state of West Bengal, Tripura, Assam and Bangladesh.When the British left India in 1947, carving out separate nations (see partition), a number … Press. In fact, traditionally fish is not considered non-vegetarian by us. James G Lochtefeld (2002), The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism: N-Z, Rosen Publishing. Gerald James Larson (1995), India's Agony Over Religion, State University of New York Press. Bengali Hindus comprise the majority of the population. Litera… The Himalayan states of Uttarakhand (20%) and Himachal Pradesh (14%) have the highest percentage of Brahmin population relative … [1], The earliest historically verifiable presence of Brahmins in Bengal can be ascertained from Dhanaidaha copper-plate inscription of Kumargupta 1 of the Gupta Year 113 (433 C.E.) GS Ghurye (1969), Caste and Race in India, Popular Prakashan. 2) Learned Brahmins were invited from Bengal by the king of Hastinapur Janmejaya (Son of king Pareekhsheet and grandson of great pandava Arjuna) at around 1000 BC, ie. Brahmin population as percentage of total Uttaranchal 40 Himachal Pradesh 20 Uttar Pradesh 11 Delhi 10 Maharashtra 10 Rajasthan 8-10 Gujarat 9 West Bengal 8 Chhattisgarh 7 Andhra Pradesh 4-5 Karnataka 4 Tamil Nadu 3 more than 1.1 million are others and not stated religion. Bengal has not produced a Jagjivan Ram, Ramvilas Paswan, Nitish Kumar, Lalu Prasad or Mayawati. The Progress Scale is derived from people group values for percent … in West Bengal mukherjee banerjee all of them consume fish & meat on regular basis. Ronald McGregor (1984), Hindi literature from its beginnings to the nineteenth century, Otto Harrassowitz Verlag. Rachel McDermott (2001), Singing to the Goddess: Poems to KālÄ« and Umā from Bengal, Oxford University Press. Mohr and Fear (2015), World Religions: The History, Issues, and Truth. They cannot socially mix with any other caste in Bengal. His thighs became the Vaiśya, from his feet the Śūdra was produced. [3] A copper-plate grant from the Gupta period found in the vicinity of Somapura mentions a Brahmin donating land to a Jain vihara at Vatagohali. In the early days, before the British Raj had spread North and West, there was a period when the Bengal Army was enlisted almost exclusively from the high-caste Hindu. 11 When they divided Puruá¹£a how many portions did they make? In West Bengal the Matuas are mainly concentrated in the North 24-Parganas around Bongaon and the adjoining parts of Nadia. 538.60 * The poverty line (implict) at all-India level is worked out from the expenditure class-wise distribution of persons (based on URPconsumption I.e.consumtion collected from 30 day recall period for all items) … Śrotriya is the second rank among the descendants of these five Brahmins because they were deft in Vedic knowledge but were considered to be somewhat inferior to the Kulina Brahmins (possessing 8 out of 9 noble qualities). In 2001, the figure was 7.79 percent. The data for 2019 & 2020 is under process and will be updated in few weeks. * Most Brahmin Political Dominance: West Bengal * * Most Brahmin State: 20% of Brahmins in Uttarakhand * * Highly literate Brahmin states: = Kerala and Himachal brahmin = Assam * in the best economic condition * The highest Brahmin chief minister: = Rajasthan * * Most Brahmin MLAs: = Uttar Pradesh * * … Christian and Buddhism with 0.72% and 0.31%. When the British left India in 1947, carving out separate nations, a number of families moved from the Muslim-majority East Bengal (now Bangladesh) to be within the borders of the newly defined Republic of I… This page was last edited on 4 December 2020, at 09:30. Some traditional texts mention that Ādiśūra was ancestor of Ballāl Sena from maternal side and five Brahmins had been invited in 1077 C.E. Recently as per West Bengal census data, 89.28% houses are owned while 7.33% were rented. West Bengal - West Bengal - History: The name of Bengal, or Bangla, is derived from the ancient kingdom of Vanga, or Banga. 356.30 All India (Pre Capital per month) Urban Rs. Victor Lieberman (2014), Burmese Administrative Cycles, Princeton University Press, On Laws of Manu in 14th century Thailand's. Jonathan Lee and Kathleen Nadeau (2010), Encyclopedia of Asian American Folklore and Folklife, Volume 1, ABC, Champa and the archaeology of Mỹ SÆ¡n (Vietnam) By Andrew Hardy, Mauro Cucarzi, Patrizia Zolese p.105. Gaur Brahmins – They are found in Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and even in some parts of Delhi. Religion wise, Hinduism is the major religion in West Bengal with 70.5%, followed by Muslim with 27%. It is formed on March 22, 1912, and attained statehood on 26 January 1950. An Introduction to the Study of Indian History, by Damodar Dharmanand Kosāmbi, Popular Prakasan,35c Tadeo Road, Popular Press Building, Bombay-400034, First Edition: 1956, Revised Second Edition: 1975. Julia Leslie (1996), Myth and Mythmaking: Continuous Evolution in Indian Tradition, Routledge. The Bengali Brahmins are Hindu Brahmins who traditionally reside in the Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent, currently comprising the Indian state of West Bengal, Tripura and Bangladesh and parts of Assam. Claim: Brahmin beaten by Muslims in West Bengal for praying In India, high percentage of this haplogroup is observed in West Bengal Brahmins (72%) to the east, Gujarat Lohanas (60%) to the west, Khatris (67%) in north, Iyengar Brahmins (31%) in the south. Vamśaja is the third rank which was a result of kulinas marrying outside kulinas. About Bihar. Mahendra Kulasrestha (2007), The Golden Book of Upanishads, Lotus. ThePrint studied the list of the BJP’s 50 national office-bearers, 97 national executive members, 36 presidents of 29 states and seven Union Territories, as well as 752 of the party’s district presidents across 24 states. Note: Poverty: All India (Per capita per month) Rural Rs. Winnand Callewaert (2015), The Hagiographies of Anantadas: The Bhakti Poets of North India, Routledge. The Kulinas formed the higher ranking clans. Utkal Brahmins – They are mostly found in Orrisa, Jharkhand, West Bengal, and Chattisgarh. Stella Kramrisch (1994), Exploring India's Sacred Art, Editor: Stella Miller, Motilal Banarsidass, Niels Gutschow and Axel Michaels (2008), Bel-Frucht und Lendentuch: Mädchen und Jungen in Bhaktapur Nepal, Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, pages 23 (table), for context and details see 16–36. Atul Sur, Banglar Samajik Itihas (Bengali), Calcutta, 1976, NN Bhattacharyya, Bharatiya Jati Varna Pratha (Bengali), Calcutta, 1987. John Stratton Hawley (2015), A Storm of Songs: India and the Idea of the Bhakti Movement, Harvard University Press. Mukhopādhyāya means chief Vedic teacher. Roy or Rai or Ray is gifted title that is same as everywhere else in India. A very high percentage of 72.22% among Bengali Brahmins hints at its presence as a founder lineage for this caste group” It is very interesting to note that history of Bengal is primarily dominated by “Kulin Brahmins”, be it literary field, or scientific field or Medical or Engineering field or in Judiciary area or in … Rādhi (also Rāṭhi in some old texts) is the major branch of Western Bengali Brahmins. More than 2000 yrs prior to king Adisur of Bengal. Sheldon Pollock (2009), The Language of the Gods in the World of Men, University of California Press. With the … Dorothy Figueira (2002), Aryans, Jews, Brahmins: Theorizing Authority through Myths of Identity, State University of New York Press. Boreth Ly (2011), Early Interactions Between South and Southeast Asia (Editors: Pierre-Yves Manguin, A. Mani, Geoff Wade), Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, "India : Rise of the peshwas - Britannica Online Encyclopedia", Reversal of Fortune Isolates India's Brahmins, "Mahima Dharma, Bhima Bhoi and Biswanathbaba", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Brahmin&oldid=987780917, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia extended-confirmed-protected pages, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. This volume offers for the first time a comprehensive and in-depth analysis of the making and maintenance of a modern caste society in colonial and postcolonial West Bengal in India. Patrick Olivelle (2011), Ascetics and Brahmins: Studies in Ideologies and Institutions, Anthem, RC Prasad (2014), The Upanayana: The Hindu Ceremonies of the Sacred Thread. References to it occur in early Sanskrit literature, but its early history is obscure until the 3rd century bce, when it formed part of the extensive Mauryan empire inherited by the emperor Ashoka. SC Malik (1986), Determinants of Social Status in India, Indian Institute of Advanced Study. The priests are likely to start getting their allowance during Durga Puja, the biggest festival in Bengal, Banerjee said. Its proportion of agricultural land is among the highest of all the Indian states. Thanks for A2A. [citation needed], Traditionally they are believed to have migrated from Kanyakubja (or Kanauj), the traditional origin of both Radhi and Varendra Brahmins, to Bengal during the commencement of Muslim rule in India. The Bengali Brahmins are Hindu Brahmins who traditionally reside in the Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent, currently comprising the Indian state of West Bengal, Tripura and Bangladesh and parts of Assam. The Bengali Brahmins are categorised as Pancha-Gauda Brahmins (the Brahmins who traditionally lived towards the north of the Vindhyas) and belong to the Kanyakubja clan. Genetics and archaeogenetics of South Asia-Wikipedia After fish, mutton has been the most popular dish - however owing to it's high price, its consumption is low. मुखं किम् अस्य कौ बाहू का ऊरू पादा उच्येते॥११॥ Demographics of West Bengal. But Ballāl Sena and his predecessors ruled over both Bengal and Mithila (i.e., North Bihar). ब्राह्मणो ऽस्य मुखम् आसीद् बाहू राजन्यः कृतः। Among the castes found in Bengal, besides Brahmana, the highest is the Kayastha. It is surrounded by Uttar Pradesh in West, Nepal in North, in East it is surrounded by the northern part of West Bengal … Harimishra, कोलांचदेशतः पंचविपरा ज्ञानतपोयुताः। महाराजादिशूरेण समानीताः सपत्नीकाः॥, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Brahmins "Jogendra Nath Bhattacharya [যোগেন্দ্রনাথ ভট্টাচার্য্য] über Brahmanen (1896)", "The Paschatya Vaidik Brahmans of West Bengal : a bio-anthropological study / Sikha Chatterjee", "Book review 'A Nation in Making': Banerjea's nation-A man and his history", "Kishore Kumar birthday: His favourite songs", "Protocol to keep President Pranab off Puja customs", International Society for Krishna Consciousness, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bengali_Brahmins&oldid=992257029, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with incomplete citations from July 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2007, Articles needing additional references from February 2020, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Paschatya Vaidika (Vedic Brahmins from west of Bengal), Dakshinatya Vaidika (Vedic Brahmins from south of Bengal). [4] However some scholars have identified Ādiśūra with Jayanta, a vassal chief of the Gauda king around middle of 8th century C.E. ं व्यदधुः कतिधा व्यकल्पयन्। This also indicates that there was no shortage of Brahmins in Bengal even 2000 years ago. The present population of Tamil Brahmins might be between 1 to 2 %, but not below 1%. West Bengal - West Bengal - Economy: Agriculture dominates both the landscape and the economy of West Bengal. Varna (class) in Hinduism, one of four castes, Brahmin and renunciation tradition in Hinduism, Brahmins, bhakti movement and social reform movements, Outside South Asia: Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam and Indonesia, Modern demographics and economic condition. Both Brahmins and Kayasthas in Bengal have followed a system that ranks the clans hierarchically. It is unlikely that the Brahmins from Kānyakubja may have been invited to Mithila for performing a yajña, because Mithila was a strong base of Brahmins since Vedic age. Selva Raj and William Harman (2007), Dealing with Deities: The Ritual Vow in South Asia, State University of New York Press. In West Bengal Brahmin , Baidya and Kayastha are the three castes who Dominate other castes when it comes to represent Bengal in all forms of media. James Lochtefeld (2002), Brahmin, The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Vol. Other details may also be obtained from court chronicles of various kings of Bengal. Greg Bailey and Ian Mabbett (2006), The Sociology of Early Buddhism, Cambridge University Press. Drawing on cutting-edge multidisciplinary scholarship, it explains why caste continues to be neglected in the politics of and scholarship on West Bengal… Investigation of Brahmins of Bengal in post-Gupta Period using Epigraphic Evidence Note: The word-cloud in the featured image was generated using worditout . The Joshua Project Progress Scale is an estimate of the progress of church planting among a people group, people cluster, country or language. William Pinch (1996), Peasants and Monks in British India, University of California Press. David Shulman (1989), The King and the Clown, Princeton University Press. Christophe Jaffrelot (1998), The Hindu Nationalist Movement in India, Columbia University Press. According to the provisional results of the 2011 national census, West Bengal is the fourth most populous state in India with a population of 91,347,736 (7.55% of India's population). Bandopādhyāya is a Sanskritized form of 'Banodha + upādhyāya', Banodha being the ancient name of Raebareli-Unnāva whence their ancestors had come from. Noor Mohammad (1992), New Dimensions in Agricultural Geography, Volume 3, Concept Publishers. But soon the population will touch an alarmingly low level, that is soon it will become fraction. RC Majumdar, Vangiya Kulashastra (Bengali), 2nd ed, Calcutta, 1989. Patrick Olivelle (1999), Dharmasutras, Oxford University Press. In the campaigns against the Muhammadan princes the Mussalman sepoy, for reasons of expediency, was gradually weeded out. Martin Ramstedt (2003), Hinduism in Modern Indonesia, Routledge. [citation needed], Hindu caste originating from the Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent, cf. [citation needed], The traditional origin of both Radhi and Varendra Brahmins has been attributed to a king named Adi Sura who is said to have invited five Brahmins from Kolancha (as per Edu Mishra and Hari Mishra[3]) and/or from Kanyakubja,[citation needed] (as per Dhruvananda Mishra) so that he could conduct a yajña, because he could not find Vedic experts locally. In all, 72.98% couples in West Bengal … Additionally, other sources like Sambandhanirnaya, Kularnaba and others attribute various dates like 942 C.E, 932 C.E and others. Noel Salmond (2004), Hindu iconoclasts: Rammohun Roy, Dayananda Sarasvati and nineteenth-century polemics against idolatry, Wilfrid Laurier Univ. On Monday (September 14), West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee announced a monthly allowance of Rs 1,000 and free housing for 8,000 poor Sanatan Brahmin priests in the state. What do they call his mouth, his arms? 1: A–M, Rosen Publishing. which records the grant of land to a brahmin named Varahasvamin of the Samavedi school. Anthony Reid (1988), Southeast Asia in the Age of Commerce, 1450–1680: The lands below the winds, Yale University Press. Anand A. Yang, Bazaar India: Markets, Society, and the Colonial State in Bihar, This page was last edited on 9 November 2020, at 05:43. it depends in which part of India. According to the 2011 census, the literacy percentage of the state is 63.82%, and the sex ratio is 918/1000. A high percentage of them speak English also as higher … which records the grant of land to a Brahmin named Varahasvamin of the Samavedi school. What do they call his thighs and feet? Ramesh Bairy (2010), Being Brahmin, Being Modern, Routledge. The population of West Bengal forms 7.54 percent of India in 2011. The northeastern states, barring Assam and Tripura, are primarily tribal-dominated, and the BJP hierarchy reflects this so… Saraswat Brahmins – Earlier, they were mainly found in Punjab but then they migrated to other parts of the country as well. Other texts like Varendrakulapanjika, Vachaspati Mishra's account and Edu Mishra's account attribute a date of 732 C.E for the migration. ऊरू तद् अस्य यद् वैश्यः पद्भ्यां शूद्रो अजायत॥१२॥ The descendants of these five Pancyājñika Brahmins were hierarchically organised into three categories: Jāti-Bhāṣkar mentions that those who were given grants along the Ganges by Ballāl Sena were called Gangopādhyāya (literally 'the Vedic teachers in the regions around the Ganges'). Most of the vaidikas were invited by Hindu chiefs and rajas like Shyamal Barman, who used to rule in various parts of Bengal during the Muslim ascendancy. The Sudras are not of Aryan descent. Rice, which requires extensive irrigation, is the leading crop in nearly every area. [citation needed] In all Hindu form majority religion in 16 out of 19 districts of West Bengal state. When the British left India in 1947, carving out separate nations, a number of families moved from the Muslim-majority East Bengal (now Bangladesh) to be within the borders of the newly defined Republic of India, and continued to migrate for several decades thereafter. Important writers are Harimishra (13th century C.E), Edu Mishra (13th century C.E), Devivara Ghatak (15th century C.E), Dhruvananda Mishra (post 15th century C.E), Vachaspati Mishra, Rajendralal Mitra among others. Trevor Ranges (2010), Cambodia, National Geographic. The jeweller class of Bengal, called the Jaharis, most likely have sprung from the Vaisyas. According to the 2011 census, in Nadia the Namasudras number 9,03,186 amounting to 17.48 per cent of the district’s population and 58.39 per cent of the district’s Scheduled Caste population. [5], Traditionally it is believed that during his reign, Vijaya Sena (1097 − 1160 C.E), brought Brahmins from regions south of Bengal (most likely, Odisha), who integrated themselves with the varendra brahmins and came to be known as Dakshinatya vaidika barahmins. RA Donkin (1998), Beyond Price: Pearls and Pearl-fishing, American Philosophical Society. [citation needed], Historians have located a ruler named Ādiśūra ruling in north Bihar, but not in Bengal[citation needed]. Uttar Pradesh stands first with 20.5% of the total scheduled caste (SC) population, followed by West Bengal with 10.7%, says the data released by the Union census directorate on Tuesday. Schomer and McLeod (1987), The Sants: Studies in a Devotional Tradition of India, Motilal Banarsidass. 12 The Brahmin was his mouth, of both his arms was the Rājanya made. [citation needed], Traditionally, Bengali Brahmins are divided into the following categories:[2][full citation needed], The different Brahmin communities of Bengal have their own traditional accounts of origin, which are generally found in various genealogical texts known as kulagranthas or kulapanjikas. Indeed, despite its relatively small size, West Bengal produces a significant percentage … [citation needed]. Table II: Caste and Community-wise representations (numbers and percentage) in the Council of Ministers 2006-2016 in West Bengal . Like I have mentioned earlier most Bengali Brahmins especially those residing in West Bengal are non-vegetarians and fish is a staple diet. West Bengal Population by Religion. The earliest historically verifiable presence of brahmins in Bengal can be ascertained from Dhanaidaha copper-plate inscription of Kumargupta 1 of the Gupta Year 113 (433 C.E.) G Shah (2004), Caste and Democratic Politics in India, Anthem. John Bussanich (2014), Ancient Ethics (Editors: Jörg Hardy and George Rudebusch), Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. Johannes de Kruijf and Ajaya Sahoo (2014), Indian Transnationalism Online: New Perspectives on Diaspora. Samaj Biplab ba Brahman Andalon, Dinabandhu Acharya Vedashastri, cf. Bengali Brahmins live not only in their home state of West Bengal, but also in neighboring state of Tripura and the adjoining nation state of Bangladesh. Best answre. Almost all the Jaharis have embraced Jainism. The Muslim population of West Bengal is 24.6 Million is the second … Was the Rājanya made 2011 census, the highest is the major branch of Western Bengali Brahmins, Motilal.. 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